Useful Information


State system of Bulgaria:  Parliamentary Republic

President:   Georgi PARVANOV (since 22 January 2002);

Prime Minister: Sergei STANISHEV (since 16 August 2005);

Area: 110,993.6 sq km

Population: 7,322,858 (July 2007 est.), -0.837% (2007 est.)


Capital city: Sofia (1.2M Inhabitants)

Official language: Bulgarian
Alphabet: Cyrillic
National holiday: March 3, the day of the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman domination (1878)
Administrative division: 28 regions, named after their respective regional centres.
State system: a parliamentary republic with a one-chamber parliament (National Assembly), consisting of 240 national representatives, elected for a four-year term of service. The head of state of the republic is the President, elected for a five-year term of service. The Council of Ministers is the main body of executive power.

Religion: There is freedom of religious confessions. Orthodox (82.6%), Muslim (12.2%),other Christian 1.2%, other 4% (2001 census)


Time zone: GMT (London) + 2 hours, East-European time (Germany) + 1 hour
Electricity: 220 V, 50 Hz
Entrance in the country: Most of the foreign citizens entering Bulgaria don’t need visa but they must carry their valid international passport. The list of the countries which citizens need visa, when entering Bulgaria, can be found at
Money exchange: The Bulgarian Lev is pegged to the Euro. 1 EUR = 1.955 BGN.
You may exchange money in banks and in any of the numerous exchange offices. Some of those offices are opened during the holidays. Euro-checks may be cashed on a lot of banks.
Credit cards: Most of the hotels work with VISA, Master Card or American Express.
Transportation: Roads - 37.3 thousand km.; railways - 6.5 thousand km. (65 % electrical). Sea ports – Varna and Burgas. Danube ports – Russe, Lom , Vidin, Silistra etc. International airports – Sofia, Plovdiv, Burgas and Varna.
Taxi-cabs: In towns and resorts there are taxi-cabs situated in the respective taxi ranks. People can take a taxi by calling a taxi company or in the street.
Urban transport: In towns there is urban transport: buses and mini-buses. In Sofia there are trams, trolley buses and underground. Tickets are usually bought before getting on the vehicle.
Car rental : You can rent a car from international rent-a-car companies such as AVIS, Hertz, Budget , Eurocar, etc. Many of the hotels in Bulgaria offer this service through a licensed Bulgarian rent a car companies.
Post offices and telecommunication: Working time of post offices is from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Postage stamps and postcards may be bought from the desks in the post office or from pavilions selling newspapers. There are a lot of internet-cafes from which you may talk cheap or send e-mails (most of them work 24 hours).
Local and international telephone services are covered through automatic street telephones operating with tokens and calling cards. Tokens for local calls (0.20 leva) and calling cards are available for purchase from any post office or places where newspapers are sold.
Important phones:
Dialling code for Bulgaria from abroad +359
Fire-brigade 160
First aid 150
Police 166
Road assistance 146
Telephone information 144
Traffic police – car accidents +359 2/ 982 72 823, 866 50
Internet country code: .bg
The seasonal time shift is effectuated in the last Sunday of March and in the last Sunday of October.
Official holidays
  • 1 January – New Year’s Day
  • 3 March – National holiday - Bulgaria’s Day of Liberation from the Ottoman Rule 1878
  • 1 May – Labour Day
  • in April or May - Easter (moveable)
  • 6 May – Bulgarian Army’s Day – St. George’s Day
  • 24 May – Day of Bulgarian Enlightenment and Culture and of Slavonic Alphabet
  • 6 September – Bulgaria’s Unification Day  
  • 22 September – Bulgaria’s Independence Day
  • 1 November – Enlightenment Leaders’ Day
  • 24 December – Christmas Eve
  • 25, 26  December - Christmas
  • Days off – Saturday and Sunday 


Speed limits:
  • residential areas - 50 km/h
  • intercity roads - 90 km/h
  • motorways - 120 km/h     

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